Scientific Publications

1. Metz, L. D., “An Investigation of the Mechanical Efficiency of a typical Automotive Steering Gear,” M.S. Thesis, University of Detroit, Detroit, MI (1966).

2. Metz, L. D., “Three-Dimensional Automobile Occupant Dynamics: A Matrix Approach,” Ph.D. Thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY (1971).

3. Metz, L. D., “Team Teaching and Its Role in Engineering Design Education,” Proc. Fifth National Conference on Engineering Design (invited paper), American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE), Urbana, IL (1971).

4. Metz, L. D., Feldman, J. & Phillips, J., “Investigations into the Behavior of the Cerebrospinal Fluid System,” Proc. 1972 Summer Computer Simulation Conference, San Diego, CA (1972).

5. Metz, L. D., “Influence of Crash Helmet Design on Whiplash Injury to Racing Drivers,” Proc. XVI American Association of Automotive Medicine (AAAM) Conference, Chapel Hill, NC (1972).

6. Metz, L. D. and Klein, R. E., “Distributed Parameter Representation of Upper torso Sagittal Plane Bending Response,” Proc. X Allerton Conference on Circuits and System Theory, Allerton, IL (1972).

7. Metz, L. D. and Klein, R. E., “Identification via Orthogonality of a Class of Hyperbolic Distributed Parameter Processes,” Proc. 1972 IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, New Orleans, LA (1972).

8. Metz, L. D., “An Improved Technique for Determining the Lift Distribution on an Automobile,” Trans. ASME, J. Engineering for Industry, Series B, 95:1, pp. 275-279 (1973).

9. Metz, L. D. & Sensenbrenner, K., “The Influence of Roughness Elements on Laminar to Turbulent Flow Boundary Layer Transition as Applied to Scale Model Testing of Automobiles,” SAE Paper No. 730233 (1973).

10. Metz, L. D., “Simulation and Its Uses in the Teaching of Vehicle Dynamics,” Simulation, 20:2, pp. 53-54 (1973).

11. Metz, L. D., “Human Saggital Plane Torso Bending Response: Lumped and Distributed Parameter Mod-els,” Proc. III IFAC Symposium on Identification and System Parameter Estimation, Den Haag, The Nether-lands (1973).

12. Metz, L. D., “The Potential for Systems Theory Application to Studies of Motor Performance,” Human Factors J., 16:5, pp. 514-519 (1974).

13. Pleck, M. H., Metz, L. D. & Conry, T. F., “The Use of Decelerative Metal Cutting in the Design of Energy Management Systems,” Trans. ASME, J. Engineering for Industry, Series B, 97:3, pp. 867-872 (1975).

14. Metz, L. D., Carlson, A., Golden, L. and Owen, R., “On the Design of Variable Antidive Front Suspension Systems,” Trans. ASME, J. Engineering for Industry, Series B, 98:1, pp. 171-175 (1976).

15. Davis, W. J. & Metz, L. D., “A New Model of Particulate Effluent Dispersion with Ground Level Deposition and Reflection,” J. Applied Meteorology, pp. 1610-1618 (1978).

16. Metz, L. D. & Risley, M., “A Time-Varying Approach to the Modeling of Human Controller Remnant,” IEEE Trans. Systems, Man and Technology, 11, pp. 24-34 (1982).

17. Metz, L. D., “Bicycle -v- Automobile Energy Consumption in an Urban Environment,” Int. J. Vehicle Design, 4:4, pp. 442-454 (1983).

18. Metz, L. D., “Potential for Regenerative Braking Systems as Applied to Automobiles,” Trans. ASME, J. Vibration, Acoustics, Stress & Reliability, 105:3, pp. 300-304 (1983).

19. Metz, L. D., “Robust Behavior of Time Varying Human Controller Models,” Automatica, 21:4, pp. 473-478 (1985).

20. Metz, L. D., “Aerodynamic Requirements at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway,” AIAA J. Guidance, Con-trol & Dynamics, 8:4, pp. 530-531 (1985).

21. Metz, L. D., “Biomechanical Aspects of Supine Recumbent Bicycles,” Olympic Scientific Conference, Eu-gene, OR (1984).

22. Metz, L. D., “Aerodynamic Force and Velocity Relationships at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway,” ASME Winter Annual Meeting, Miami Beach, FL (1985).

23. Metz, L. D. & Maddock, J., “Active Ride Height and Pitch Control of Championship Auto Racing Cars,” Automatica, 22:5, pp. 509-520 (1986).

24. Metz, L. D., “Aerodynamic Properties of IndyCars,” SAE Paper No. 870726 [also selected for SAE P-191](1987).

25. Metz, L. D. & Williams, D., “Near Time-Optimal Control of Racing Vehicles,” Automatica, 25:6, pp. 841-857 (1989).

26. Ohnuma, A. & Metz, L. D., “Controllability and Stability Aspects of Actively Controlled 4WS Vehicles, SAE Paper No. 891977 [also selected for Trans. SAE, J. Passenger Cars, 98:6, pp. 1481-1495 and for Komatsu Technical Reports, 36:128, pp. 94-112 {in Japanese}](1989).

27. Ohnuma, A. & Metz, L. D., “Stability and Response of 4WS Vehicles,” Proc. 1989 Summer Computer Simulation Conference, Austin, TX (1989).

28. Williams, D. & Metz, L. D., “Near Time-Optimal Control of Racing Vehicles Through Simulation,” Proc. 1989 Summer Computer Simulation Conference, Austin, TX (1989).

29. Metz, L. D. & Ruhl, R. L., “Skidmark Signatures of ABS-Equipped Passenger Cars,” SAE Paper No. 900106, [also selected for SAE SP-814](1990).

30. Metz, L. D., Akouris, C. K., Agney, C. S. & Clark, M. C., “Moments of Inertia of Mounted and Unmounted Passenger Car and Motorcycle Tires,” SAE Paper No. 900760 [also selected for Trans. SAE, J. Passenger Cars, 99:6, pp 1079-1085](1990).

31. Metz, L. D., “Emergency Braking Dynamics of Ground Effects Open-Wheeled Racing Cars,” SAE Paper No. 910012 [also selected for SAE P-238](1991).

32. Metz, L. D. & Alter, D., “Transient and Steady-State Performance Comparison of a 2WS and 4WS Vehicle Model, SAE Paper No. 911926 [also selected for SAE SP-909](1991).

33. Metz, L. D. et al., “Comparison of Linear Roll Dynamical Properties for Various Vehicle Configurations,” SAE Paper No. 920053 [also selected for SAE SP-909 and for Trans SAE, J. Passenger Cars, 101:6, pp.46-57](1991).

34. Metz, L. D., “Vehicle Dynamical Stability,” invited chapter in Automotive Engineering and Litigation, (G. A. Peters & B. J. Peters, Ed.) v. 4, pp. 147-168, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, ISBN 0-471-55563-0 (1991).

35. Metz, L. D. and Carroll J. K., “Dynamics of Off-Road Front End Loader Vehicles,” SAE Paper No. 930765 [also selected for SAE SP-950 and for Trans. SAE, J. Passenger Cars, 102:6, pp. 1193-1221](1993).

36. Metz, L. D., et al., “Collision Research at Indianapolis Motor Speedway,” SAE Paper No. 930998 (1993).

37. Fonda, A. G. & Metz, L. D., “Post-Impact Spin,” SAE Paper No. 930653 [also selected for SAE SP-946](1993).

38. Tzioufas, J., Bergman, L. A. & Metz, L. D., “Distributed Parameter Models for Vehicle Suspension Systems, Int. J. Vehicle Design, Heavy Vehicle Systems Special Series, 1:3, pp. 258-281 (1994).

39. Forbes, K. H. & Metz, L. D., “Protection of Drivers and Spectators from Pit Entrance Injuries Incurred During Loss-of-Control Accidents,” SAE Paper No. 942468 [also in SAE P-287](1994).

40. Metz, L. D. & Forbes, K. H., “Analysis of a Dirt Track Sprint Car Accident,” SAE Paper No. 942548 [also in SAE P-287](1994).

41. Metz, L. D., et al., “Evasive Maneuvering Capability Without and In the Presence of a Flat Tire,” SAE Paper No. 942469 [also in SAE P-287](1994).

42. Forbes, K. H. & Metz, L. D., “Analysis of 1994 Indianapolis 500 Mile Race and Practice Accidents,” SAE Paper No. 942480 [also in SAE P-287](1994).

43. Hopkins, P. & Metz, L. D., “Oversteer/Understeer Characteristics of a Locked Differential,” SAE Paper No. 942485 [also in SAE P-287](1994).

44. Metz, L. D. and Metz, L. G., “Sensitivity of Accident Reconstruction Calculations,” SAE Paper No. 980375 [also selected for SAE SP-1319, and for Trans. SAE, J. Passenger Cars, 107: 6, pp. 907-921](1999).

45. Metz, L. D., Milliken W. F. Jr. & Milliken, D. L., Race Car Vehicle Dynamics Workbook, SAE Publication R-112, ISBN 0-7680-0103-X, LCCN 97-061891, 1998.

46. Metz, L. D., et al., “Passenger Car Rollover: Cause and Prevention,“ Invited Paper and Presentation, SAE TOPTEC, San Diego, CA (1999)

47. Day, T. D. and Metz, L. D., "The Simulation of Driver Inputs Using a Vehicle Driver Model," SAE Paper No. 2000-01-1313 (2000)[also in SAE SP-1491 and in Trans. SAE, J. Passenger Cars – Mechanical Systems, 109: 6, pp. 1763-1769].

48. Metz, L. D. and Metz, L. G., "Sensitivity of Cornering Speeds to Banking and Aerodynamics," SAE Paper No. 2000-01-3570 [also in SAE P-361](2000).

49. Metz, L. D. and Metz, L. G., “A Technique for Slowing Racing Cars After Off-Road Excursions: The Vehicle Arrester,” SAE Paper No. 2000-01-3574 [also in SAE P-361](2000).

50. Metz, L. G. and Metz, L. D., “Deriving Wheel HP and Torque from Accelerometer Data,” SAE Paper No. 2000-01-3544 [also in SAE P-361](2000)

51. McKinney, M. & Metz, L. D., “Potential for a Ground Effects Top Fuel Dragster,” SAE Paper No. 2002-01-3348 [also in SAE P-382](2002).

52. Metz, L. D., “Kinetic Energies Involved in Racing Facility Design, SAE Paper No. 2002-01-3344 [also in SAE P-382](2002).

53. Metz, L. D., “Automobile Vehicle Dynamics with Emphasis on Racing, Track and Laboratory Testing,” CSI SpA, Bollate, Milan, ITALY, 2002.

54 Metz, L. D., “Soft Walls for Race Track Barriers through the Use of Slatted Wall Design,” SAE Paper No. 2002-01-3343 [also in SAE P-382](2002).

55. Metz, L. D., et al., “Passenger Car Rollover: Causes, Prevention and Injury Prevalence,” Invited Paper and Presentation, SAE TOPTEC, Scottsdale, AZ (2002).

56. Miliken, D. L., Kasprzak, E. M., Metz, L. D. and Milliken, W. F., Race Car Vehicle Dynamics: Problems, Answers and Experiments, SAE R-280.

57. Stevens, D., Arndt, S., Arndt, M & Metz, L. D., “The Importance of Dynamic Testing in Determining the Yaw Stability of Vehicles,” Paper No. 436-0, 18th International Conference on Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, 19-22 May 2003, Nagoya, Japan.

58. Metz, L. D., “What Constitutes Good Handling?,” SAE Paper No. 2004-01-3532 [also in SAE P-392](2004).

59. Metz, L. D., “Engineering of a Bonneville Land Speed Record Streamliner,” SAE Paper No. 2004-01-3524 [also in SAE P-392] (2004).

60. Metz, L. D., “Behavior of a Motorcycle after an Encounter with a Road Irregularity Parallel to Its Direction of Travel,” SAE Paper No. 2006-01-1561 [also in Trans. SAE](2006).

61. Metz, L. D., Kinney, R. A. & Herling, D., “Realistic Rear Axle Hydroplaning During Forward Motion,” SAE Paper No. 2006-01-1560 (2006).

62. Metz, L. D., “Force and Moment Characteristics of a Typical Space-Saver Spare Tire, SAE Paper No. 2006-01-1559 (2006).

63. Fittanto, D. A., Metz, L. D., Inendino, L. V. & Senalik, C. A., “Evaluation of the SIMON Tractor-Semitrailer Model for steady State and Transient Handling, SAE Paper No. 2006-01-3479 [also in Trans. SAE](2006).

64. Metz, L. D., “Road Bicycle Dynamics in the Presence of Idealized Roadway Irregularities,” SAE Paper No. 2010-01-0053 [also in SAE SP-2267](2010).

65. Forbes, K. H. & Metz, L. D., “Race Facility Fence Design Considerations,” SAE Paper No. 2006-01-3613 (2006).

66. Metz, L. D., Korst, H. H. & White, R. A., “Road Evaluation of the Aerodynamic Characteristics of Heavy Trucks,´SAE Paper No. 2007-01-4297 [also in Trans. SAE, J. Commercial Vehicles, 116-2007](2007).

67. Metz, L. D. & Schiebe, R. R., “Use of ABS in Emergency Brake-and-Steer Maneuvers” SAE Paper No. 2009-01-0449 (2009).

68. Metz, L. D. & Meyers, D. R., “Controlled Braking Experiments with and without ABS,” SAE Paper No. 2010-01-0100 [also in SAE SP-2261](2010).

69. Metz, L. D., “Force and Moment Characteristics of a Low-Aspect-Ratio Asymmetrically Worn Passenger Car Tire,” SAE Paper No. 2010-01-0766 [also in SAE SP-2261] (2010).

70. Metz, L. D. & Meyers, D. R., “Experimental Measurements of the Effect of Path Clearing on Hydroplaning Behavior,” SAE Paper No. 2011-01-0975 (2011).

71. Metz, L. D., “Hydroplaning Behavior during Steady State Cornering Maneuvers,” SAE Paper No. 2011-01-0986 [also in Trans. SAE , Int. J. Materials & Manufacturing ] (2011).

72. Metz, L. D., “Hydroplaning Behavior during Steady State Cornering Maneuvers,” HVE Forum, Scottsdale, AZ, paper no. HVE-WP-2011-03 (2011).

73. Metz, L. D., “Potential for Hydroplaning during Transient Maneuvers,” SAE Paper No. 2012-01-0211 (2012). N.B. This paper was awarded the 2012 SAE Excellence in Oral Presentation Award by the Society of Automotive Engineers.

74. Metz, L. D., “Calculating Tire Overlap during Steady-State Cornering Maneuvers,” SAE Paper No. 2012-01-0242 (2012).

75. Metz, L. D. & Meyers, D. R., “Estimating Path Clearing Effects during Potential Hydroplaning through the Use of Vehicle CAN Bus Data,” invited paper, SAE Paper No. 2013-01-0408 [also in SAE, Int. J. Passenger. Cars, Mech. Syst., 6:1] (2013).

76. Metz, L. D., “Potential for Passenger Car Energy Recovery through the Use of Kinetic Energy Recovery Systems (KERS), SAE Paper No. 2013-01-0407 (2013).

77. Metz, L. D., “Potential for Passenger Car Energy Recovery through the Use of Kinetic Energy Recovery Systems (KERS), SAE Paper No. 2013-01-0407 (2013).

78. Metz, L. D., “Simulation of Transient Maneuver Hydroplaning Events Using HVE,” SAE Paper No. 2014-01-0122 (2014).

79. Metz, L. D., “The Vehicle Dynamics and Set-Up of the Modern Formula One Car,” Keynote Address to Vehicle Dynamics Sessions, 2014 SAE Congress & Exposition, Detroit, MI, SAE No. 14M-0407 (2014).

80. Metz, L. D. & Sneddon, J. P., “Vehicle Dynamics Associated with Pothole Encounters Using the HVE SIMON Program and Radial Spring Tire Model,” SAE Paper No. 2015-01-1572 (2015).

81. Metz, L. D., "Friction on Polished vs. Newly Re-Rocked Oil-And-Chip Roadway Surfaces," SAE paper no. 2016-01.1568 (2016).